January and February in the Garden

by Jane & Wilson Grahame

  • In a severe frost place cut evergreen branches over tender plants….remove after frost

  • Don’t walk on frozen grass…..it will cause damage

  • Gently dislodge heavy, wet snow from weighed down branches

  • Pull weeds…….mild weather promotes their growth

  • Rake winter leaves, debris and moss off the lawn

  • Apply Dolomite lime to the lawn

  • Order from seed catalogues

  • Prune deciduous trees

  • Prune grape and kiwi vines in January. When the weather warms up the sap begins to flow and the pruning wounds bleed.

  • Prune winter jasmine when flowering ends. Cut back the flowering shoots to within 2″ of the base. Remove dead growth and some of the oldest wood.

  • In late February prune common hydrangeas. Remove old flower heads cutting stem down to a point 1/4″ above the first fat pair of new buds below the old flower heads.

  • If the colour of your hydrangea blooms was muddied last year:

    • Clarify pinks and reds by adding wood ash or lime to the soil (alkaline)
    • Clarify blues by adding peat moss (acid)
  • Spray fruit trees and roses with dormant oil and lime sulphur on a dry day before leaves open. Take leaves off roses before spraying.

  • (Some people disagree with the use of dormant oil and lime sulphur.)

  • If the soil is not frozen or soggy plant leafless trees, shrubs & roses

  • Plant lily bulbs

  • Consider planting the following plants for winter interest in the future:

    • Helleborus (Christmas or Lenten Rose)
    • Winter Heathers
    • Hammamelis Mollis (Chinese Witch Hazel)
    • Winter Jasmine
    • Sarcococca (Himalayan Sweet Box)
  • Unlike tulips and daffodils you can lift, divide and transplant snowdrops and winter aconites while the foliage is still green

  • Check begonia, gladioli and dahlia bulbs and tubers for rot due to dampness or disease

  • Water plants under the eaves about once a month

  • Check for slugs and their eggs under pots. Slug eggs look like tapioca (white or clear)


Posted in Gardening Tips